Yanping Township was the hunting field of Rukai tribe. During Emperor Jiaqing’s ruling (1760-1820),the Bunun tribe,once residing in Nantou mountain area,moved to the upper reach of Sinwulyu Creek and established settlements. During the Japanese Colonial Period,the Bunun peope fiercely fought against the Japanese colonial government,but was eventually driven down from the mountains and forced to settle in level areas. In 1941,after the Haisul Incidence,Bunun villagers who remained in the mountains were forced to move to Luanshan Village. Having been administered under Luye,Yanping did not officially become a township until 1945. Over 95% of territories in Yanping Township are mountains and the average altitude is 400 m high. The agricultural products here include peach,corn,millet,plum and pineapple. Tribes of small population size are scattered on river terraces,with 95% of the population being Bunun.